Let's get right into the thicket of concepts that relate to each other like the particular to the general. Eczema is a general term for several inflammatory skin conditions with itching, redness, peeling and even blisters. Atopic dermatitis (AD) is the most severe and chronic form of eczema.
Atopic dermatitis. Why does it appear?
It takes a genetic predisposition and external factors for atopic dermatitis to develop. Let's start with internal ones. Our skin is made up of many substances, which, like bricks, create a canvas without gaps. But if there is a breakdown in a gene, then there is also a breakdown in cells, such as root cells, whose work depends on the defective gene, hence the result - the whole "structure" is bursting at the seams: the way open to allergens and microbes, the skin is more difficult to retain moisture, it becomes dry and itchy. This is if we describe the process of the appearance of atopic dermatitis quite simply.
We should not forget that the skin is a separate organ, and it has its own immunity. A breakdown in the genes affects it as well. In AD, IgE levels increase, which means that the balance in the immunoglobulin family shifts, making it increasingly difficult for the skin to resist allergens. We can see the inflammation with the eye and feel the itching.
Logically, any allergens, cosmetic products, and infections can push the body to aggravation or recurrence of AD - these are exactly the external irritants that trigger the disease and maintain constant inflammation of the skin.
Criteria for distinguishing atopic dermatitis
To distinguish AD from other similar diseases, dermatologists use criteria:
Morphological elements (spots, papules, vesicles, crusts) affecting the face, flexural surfaces in children, adolescents and adults - faces, extensor surfaces (shoulders, forearms, shins and hips) in infants.
A history of any allergic symptoms in the family.
xerosis - dry skin;
increased skin pattern on the palms of the hands;
follicular keratosis - gooseflesh on shoulders, cheeks, and buttocks;
elevated serum IgE levels;
early age of onset;
Cheilitis, an inflammatory disease of the lips;
deep crease in the lower eyelid (Denny-Morgan infraorbital crease)
We're done with weird terms, so let's get back to eczema.
There are many types of eczema, and only a doctor can make the right diagnosis. If you are diagnosed with eczema, you should be especially careful that secondary infections do not join the disease - it is easier for bacteria, fungi and viruses to enter the damaged skin than the whole skin.
What is the right way to take a bath in eczema and apply care products?
Do not use loofahs or scrubs.
Do not take hot baths so as not to dry out your skin.
Take care not only of your skin, but also of your mental health. Psychotherapy and relaxation practices have been proven to reduce the number of relapses and mitigate the course of the disease. How you feel and how you look are very related.
Whether you have eczema or not, you need to know the main thing about it: eczema is not contagious. Don't be shunned by people with this disease, they really need our support and sense of worth!
How do you know if the product is the right one?
You may not find your ideal at once, you will have to endure 2-4 weeks, but the result is worth it.
I will immediately give you a checklist of things that you have chosen wrong:
After washing, your skin feels tight and your hands are drawn to apply cream as soon as possible.
Some pink or red spots appear.
A film effect on the face, a desire to wash again
And as a finishing touch to your daily care routine, once your face is clean, I suggest adding the "cherry on the cake" Recipe № 20 Lipid Restoring Cream, which does not leave a film or a sticky feeling.
Whatever your skin type or features, you should wash your skin and apply the cream at least twice a day, morning and night. That's the first rule on the way to a healthy skin
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